Sapphire: Most well known and prized among the blue gems, the vivid cornflower blue hue of Sri Lankan sapphires has become the standard of desirability by which most blue sapphires are valued. Frequently referred to as Ceylon sapphires, a name which now is used to describe color more than geographic origin, sapphires from Sri Lanka are typically the best in the world.
Fancy Sapphires: It may surprise you to learn that sapphires and rubies come in almost every hue and color with purple and violet being the most common secondary hues of blue sapphires.
Emerald: The green variety of Beryl, is colored by the element chromium and vanadium found in the chemical structure of the gemstone. Emerald is mined in Columbia and Brazil of which Columbia`s Muzo mine produces the most prized Emeralds. Emerald has been recognized as a precious gemstone for centuries and collected for its beautiful rich green color.
Garnet: Is not a single mineral, but describes a group of several closely related minerals. Garnets come in a variety of colors and have many different varieties. However, the most widely-known color of Garnet gemstones is dark red. Rhodolite garnet is a raspberry-red, purplish-red or rose-coloured garnet; Tsavorite garnet is an emerald or tourmaline green; Spessartite garnet ranges in color from warm yellow to orange-red. The most desired color is a reddish-orange.
Tourmaline: These gems come in an incomparable variety of colors. The reason, according to an old Egyptian legend, is that the tourmaline, on its long journey up from the center of the Earth, passed over a rainbow. In doing so, it assumed all the colors of the rainbow. And that is why it is still referred to as the ‘gemstone of the rainbow’ today.
Peridot: The meaning of the name Peridot comes from the French word ‘peritot’ which is believed to come from an Arabic word ‘faridat’, which means precious stone. It has also been called names such as ‘poor mans Emerald’ and ‘Peles tears’. One of the foremost characteristics of this lovely green stone, is its ability to elevate your overall level of happiness.
Amethyst: Originally amethysts were as expensive as the ruby and emerald until the 19th Century, when Brazil’s large deposits were discovered. The essence of the color purple, amethyst is beautiful enough for crown jewels yet affordable enough for class rings. Today, it is the most valued quartz variety, ranging from deep purple to pastel hues.
Aquamarine: Named for the latin word `Aqua` meaning water and `Marina` meaning of the sea. These beautiful gemstones range in hue but always depict the colors of the ocean.
Chalcedony: This stone is a transparent or opaque form of quartz and can be found as geodes and small masses. Lavender chalcedony is colored by trace elements of manganese or iron oxide. Some purple chalcedonies have light banding dendrites or other inclusions.